Middle East&North Africa Turkish tanks cross the Syrian border

Published on September 6th, 2016 | by Lidija Bojčić

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Turkish military intervention in Syria: motives

Recently, Turkey has carried out direct military intervention in Syria, after which occupied Jarabulus and intensified attacks on the Kurdish units YPG. Such actions led to a different analysis of the political experts who question the Turkish motives and intentions. This created two views on the current situation.

According to the first aspect, made military intervention in Syria is an act of aggression by Turkey to do so because of its security concerns. Before the outbreak of the conflict in Syria, the Kurds have lived in three separate areas in the northern part of Syria: Afrin, Jazira and Kobani. Due to the events in Syria, the Kurds have made progress and partially connect the three areas, and that helped them US support. Recently, when the Kurds occupied Syrian city of Manbij, and headed towards Jarabulus near the Turkish border. This caused great concern in Turkey. Therefore, Turkey launched a major military operation and pushed the Syrian Kurds back to the eastern bank of the Euphrates with the intention of change regional ethical structure and the deployment of those Syrian opposition groups in the area that are aligned with Turkish politicians, such as Nour al-Din al-Zenki and the Free Syrian army.

According to another view of the situation, the Turkish conquest of the Syrian city Jarabulus is only the first step in a plan to create a buffer zone first, then the zone with the prohibition of flying in the area along its border and at the end of the merger itself that part of the territory of northern Syria. This area could be 90 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide.

There are two reasons why Turkey has been driven by the rapid execution of military intervention in northern Syria. The first is the attempt of military coup in Turkey. The failed coup has strengthened Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party and President Erdogan and took away the possibility of any attempt to protest against the Government.

Another reason is Turkey’s attempt to manipulate through its restoration of political relations with Moscow outcomes of the US no-fly zone in northern Syria along the Turkish border. So far, Turkey has given the green light by US Vice President Joe Biden to attack Kurds and pushes them towards the east bank of the Euphrates. Ankara wants to use the Kurdish desire for separation from Syria in a manner to cause the pressure and reaction from the Syrian government to the Kurds. But, after the conspicuous withdrawal IS from Jarabulus without firing a shot and the Turkish co-operation with the Syrian opposition group Nour al-Din al-Zenki can conclude that Turkey has not stopped supporting terrorist groups in Syria.

Although Turkey has publicly announced a change his previous attitude in relation to the Syrian government, in reality this is not true. Turkey continues to support various terrorist groups in Syria that have not future in the final Syrian solution. Turkish investment in this group is a mistake that Turkey is repeated again after five years.

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